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Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an autonomous body operating under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Central Government. The role of FSSAI is to inspire trust and assure safe and nutritious food. It provides food safety training and certification and runs various projects to protect and promote public health and ensure food safety at all levels and places.  By the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, and Food Safety and Standards (Licensing and Registration of food businesses) Regulation, 2011, any food manufacturing, processing, and packaging entity operating in India engaged in the food business requires a FSSAI Registration/ License.

The first step is to check for eligibility of the applicant for Central License, State License or only Registration pertaining to the criteria.

FSSAI REGISTRATION

FSSAI Registration is applicable when the applicant:

  • Manufacturers or sells food either himself or through hawkers (itinerant/ mobile), permanent/temporary stalls and vendors.
  • Home-based Canteen, Dabbawalas, the Petty retailer of snacks, tea shops.
  • Prepares and Distributes food at religious and social events, fairs, other than a professional caterer.
  • Is a food businesses with an annual turnover not exceeding 12 lakhs and has a production capacity not in excess of 100kg/litres per day exclusive of milk and meat and their collateral products/ Business in milk does not exceed 500 litres per day/ Slaughtering Capacity is not in excess of 2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds.

For Registration, an Application needs to be made under Form ‘A’ of the Second Schedule of the Food Safety and Standards Act, which requires the following fields:

  1. Kind of Business from the above-mentioned options
  2. Name of the Applicant/Company
  3. Designation of the Applicant
  4. Proof of Identity of Applicant- Driving License, Passport, Ration Card or Election ID Card.
  5. Correspondence Address and Contact Details including mobile number and email which are supremely important
  6. Address of the Food Business
  7. Description of food items manufactured and sold including number and quantum of production
  8. Total turnover of the business
  9. Date or Start in case of new business
  10. In case of new seasonal business- period of operations
  11. Source of water and electric supply.

Upon successful submission of the form, a registration certificate is to be granted within 7 days containing the details of registration and the photo of the applicant which is required to be displayed at a prominent place in the premises where the food business is carried out.

STATE LICENSE:

If a food business does not satisfy the above criteria for a FSSAI Registration then, it either needs to get a State License or a Central License. The eligibility for obtaining a State License is:

  • Dairy Units Including milk chilling units equipped to handle or process:501 to 50,000 LPD of milk/ more than 2.5 MT to 2500 MT of milk solids per annum
  • Vegetable Oil Processing Units and Units producing vegetable oil by the process of solvent extraction and refineries including oil expeller unit: Upto 2 MT/day and turnover above 12 Lakh
  • Slaughtering Units: Large Animals (more than 2 up to 50)

    FASSI REGISTRATION

Meat processing units: Up to 500 kg meat per day or 150 MT per annum

  • All food processing units including relabellers and repackers: More than 100 kg/ltr to 2 MT/day. All grains, cereals, and pulse milling units.
  • Storage (except cold and controlled) of capacity up to 50,000 MT
  • Storage (cold/Refrigerated ) of capacity up to 10,000 MT
  • Storage (cold and controlled) of capacity up to 1000 MT
  • Wholesaler of turnover up to 30 crores
  • Retailer of turnover up to 20 crores
  • Distributor of turnover up to 20 Crores
  • Supplier of turnover up to 20 crores
  • Caterer of turnover up to 20 crores
  • Dhaba, Boarding Houses serving food, Banquet halls with food catering arrangements, Home based Canteens/ Dabba Wallas, Permanent/Temporary Stallholders, Food stalls/ Arrangements in religious gatherings/fairs etc., Fish/Meat/Poultry Shop/Seller of any other food vending establishment with a turnover more than 12 lakhs/per annum.
  • Club/Canteen with a turnover more than 12 lakhs/per annum.
  • Hotel- Three Star and above but below Five Star Or Up to Three stars with a turnover exceeding more than 12 Lakhs
  • Restaurant with a turnover exceeding 20 Crores
  • Transporter having up to 100 vehicles/wagons Or a turnover up to 30 Crores
  • Marketer with a turnover up to 20 Crores

If the applicant satisfies the above criteria then an application needs to be made under Form ‘B’ of the Second Schedule of the Food Safety and Standards Act, which requires the following fields:

  1. Kind of Business from the above-mentioned options
  2. Name of the Applicant/Company
  3. Registered Office Address
  4. Address of the Premises where license is applicable
  5. Name, Designation, Qualification, Address of the Person in charge of operations as required under Regulation
  6. Name, Designation, Qualification, Address of the Person in charge of complying with the license as required under Regulation
  7. Correspondence Address and Contact Details including mobile number and email which are supremely important
  8. Description of food items manufactured and sold including number and quantum of production
  9. Source of water and electric supply.
  10. Existence of Analytical Laboratory

  Documents to be submitted alongside are:

  1. Application Form-B duly completed and signed (in duplicate) by the proprietor/partner or the authorized signatory.
  2. Blueprint or Layout Plan of the processing unit in complete dimension with an allocated area dedicated for operations activities.
  3. List of directors with their complete address and contact details
  4. Name and list of equipment and machinery along with the installed capacity (in case of manufacturing/processing units)
  5. Photo ID and address proof issued by the concerned Govt authority (Optional)
  6. List of food category to be manufactured (For manufacturers only)
  7. Authority letter with the name and letter of the responsible person nominated by the manufacturer along with the alternate responsible person
  8. Analysis report (Chemical & Bacteriological) of the water to be used as an ingredient in the food product, through a Govt recognized laboratory on food testing.
  9. Proof of possession of the premises (Could be a sale deed, rent agreement, electricity bill etc)
  10. Partnership Deed/affidavit/memorandum & articles of association conferring constitution of the firm.
  11. Copy of certificate obtained under the Co-operative acts (In case of co-operatives only)
  12. NOC from the manufacturer in case of re-labellers
  13. Food Safety Management System plan or certificate (If any)
  14. Source of milk or procurement plan for milk and milk products processing units (Including details of the milk collection centers)
  15. Details on the source of raw material for meat and meat processing plants.
  16. Pesticide residues report of water in case of the manufacturer of packaged drinking water, mineral Water, carbonated water from a govt recognized lab.
  17. Recall plan wherever applicable with details on whom the product is distributed (Optional)
  18. NOCs from Municipality or the local body and from the State Pollution Control Board except in case the unit is established in the notified industrial area for a particular food business (Optional)

CENTRAL LICENSE

For Obtaining a Central License, the applicant needs to meet the following eligibility criteria:

  1. Dairy units including milk chilling units equipped to handle or process: Having capacity of more than 50,000 liters of liquid milk/day or 2500 MT of milk solid per annum
  2. Vegetable oil processing units and units producing vegetable oil by the process of solvent extraction and refineries including oil expeller unit: Having capacity of more than 2 MT per day
  3. Slaughtering units: Large animals: more than 50 large animals, Small animals including sheep, and goats:150 or more Poultry birds:1000 or more per day
  4. Meat processing units: Having capacity of more than 500 kg of meat per day or 150 MT per annum
  5. All food processing units other than mentioned above including repackers & Relabellers:

    legal salah
    LEGAL SALAH

Having capacity of more than 2 MT/day, except grains, cereals and pulses milling units

  1. 100% Export Oriented Units: All (Every EOU has to obtain a Central License)
  2. Importers importing food items including food ingredients and additives for commercial use: All (Every Importer has to obtain a Central License)
  3. Food business operators manufacturing any article of food containing ingredients or substances or using technologies or processes or combination thereof whose safety has not been established through these regulations or which do not have a history of safe use or food containing ingredients which are being introduced for the first time into the country
  4. Storage (Except Controlled Atmosphere+ Cold ): Having capacity of more than 50,000 MT/annum
  5. Storage (Cold + Refrigerated ): Having capacity of more than 10,000 MT/annum
  6. Storage (Controlled Atmosphere+ Cold ): Having capacity of more than 1,000 MT/annum
  7. Wholesaler of turnover greater than 30 crores
  8. Retailer of turnover greater than 20 crores
  9. Distributor of turnover greater than 20 Crores
  10. Supplier of turnover greater than 20 crores
  11. Caterer of turnover greater than 20 crores
  12. Dhaba, Boarding Houses serving food, Banquet halls with food catering arrangements, Home based Canteens/ Dabba Wallas, Permanent/Temporary Stall holders, Food stalls/ Arrangements in religious gatherings/fairs etc., Fish/Meat/Poultry Shop/Seller of any other food vending establishment with a turnover more than 12 lakhs/per annum and in more than one state.
  13. Club/Canteen with a turnover more than 12 lakhs/per annum and in more than one state.
  14. Hotel- Five Star and Above
  15. Restaurant with a turnover greater than 20 Crores
  16. Transporter having upto 100 vehicles/wagons Or a turnover greater than 30 Crores
  17. Marketer with a turnover greater than 20 Crores
  18. Food catering services in establishments and units under Central government Agencies like Railways, Air and airport, Seaport, Defence etc.: All who are operating under Central Government Agencies have to obtain a central license

Documents Required, Other than those for the State License:

  1. Ministry of Commerce Certificate of 100% EOU
  2. Supporting Documentary proof of turnover
  3. NOC/PA Document issued by FSSAI
  4. IE Code Document issued by DGFT

FSSAI License is valid for up to 5 years and needs timely renewal, or penalties ensue.

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